The Temperaments in Education, by Roy WilkinsonRudolf Steiner College Press
An approach to personality tendencies of children in the early elementary grades.What we call temperaments today were known in Greek times as the four humours, and medical science considered them of great importance. Knowledge of them has fallen into the background until Rudolf Steiner called attention to their importance in education. Temperament has nothing to do with character or morals but is in itself a basic quality-a substance as it were, though not material. A person will do things or react in a certain way according to his temperament quite irrespective of his or her upbringing, education, standards or knowledge. The four temperaments-melancholic, phlegmatic, sanguine and choleric-are related to the four elements of earth, water, air and fire. This book gives practical applications of this insight for classroom situations.
Roy Wilkinson was an indefatigable teacher of children, lecturer, author, and inspirer of many people in the Waldorf movement in the UK and abroad, right up to his death at the age of 90 in 2007.